The need to understand Deprivation in Wales
With HMICFRS guidelines encouraging Police Forces and Fire Services to make provisions based on Risk and Harm it is becoming increasingly important that practitioners understand the key demographics a play within their areas. This post follows on from the original post on deprivation in England and looks at Deprivation in Wales using the Welsh Index of Multiple deprivation by LSOA and allows identification and comparisons of relative deprivation.
Deprivation in Wales
Choose your Police Force and the view will update to show the Local Authorities within your force. Hovering over a specific Local Authority gives further information about that Local Authority.
How do I interpret these charts?
Firstly, the shape of each area gives an indication of the spread of deprivation.
For example, when looking at Gwent the top left box shows Blaenau Gwent, the shape here is bottom heavy. This shows a high proportion of areas within this Local Authority would be described as having high deprivation. Contrast this to the box immediately below of Monmouthshire which has a much more top heavy shape- showing high number of areas with low levels of deprivation.
Not only is the level of deprivation important but also the polarisation between deprived and affluent areas. Changing the view to South Wales, many of the local authorities show shapes with similar proportion areas within each decile. However Cardiff shows a somewhat different shape with high proportion of areas within the least deprived and most deprived sections. This suggest a far more polarised Local Authorities that will have communities with very different focus and challenges.
We hope you find this look on the deprivation in Wales interesting. If you do have any questions as to how to interpret the differences across your area, please get in touch via email firstname.lastname@example.org